wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Use a spirit level to ensure it’s as flat as possible. If you wait till the next day, you can still fix the edges, but you will have to use a lot of pressure and you will have to mix some extra cement to fill holes. Use very sturdy wood or it could bend or even break under the weight. How to lay a concete patio | Patio made of concrete | Oxcrete Whether you’ve chosen marble, sandstone or concrete paving, carefully to lower your first slab into the concrete. Inspiration, keyboard_arrow_left Joints should be 1/4 the thickness of the slab. You can use a sturdy wheelbarrow to make up your concrete mix, as this way it’s easier to move and dump it, but you might prefer to use a mixing board. I received estimates on getting a concrete slab poured, and it was higher than I, "The step-by-step instructions and the added tips of things to remember to look out for or remember to do were, "Very good description of stakes and forms usage. There is a huge selection of tile styles and colors for you to choose from, and the greatest benefit of using tiles is that they can be laid directly on top of preexisting concrete. For further information on the types of cookies we use, please see our privacy policy. Download our guide to the most popular garden patio paving patterns and see for yourself how a small patio doesn’t have to mean a small sense of character. If mixing by hand, you can put the concrete mix into a mortar tub or a wheelbarrow. Using a respirator will prevent you from getting a sinus or lung infection. For tips on how to build a form and how to calculate the amount of concrete you'll need, read on! I can't wait to try it. You will need to mix one part cement with six parts ballast and check the bag for a starting point as to how much water you’ll need. Laying the patio. It’s also important to consider what you’ll be using your patio for. Use the string or a level to ensure the forms are level. Almost certainly, one have to decide upon to loosen up in the shade in place of being definitely exposed. It is very important to take the time to get this done correctly, otherwise you will have major problems further down the line. This article has been viewed 425,232 times. The primary reason why homeowners choose to upgrade their concrete patios is to … After laying a row of tiles, insert tile spacers between them. It will make its own cut for you without you having to worry about measurements. Water will float to the surface during this process. Always think about the weather on the day you will be laying concrete. This handsomely photographed book includes the latest ideas on design and materials, along with essential landscaping advice from industry professionals. In all, a good article - well done. If the ground is uneven, you have two choices: build up the low side or dig the high side out. Use a sweeping brush – and a hose pipe if necessary (although bear in mind you’ll need to let it dry afterwards) – to make sure your concrete surface is smooth and clean before you start. Fill the gaps between the slabs with the mix and use a brick jointing tool to pack it in and create a nice smooth finish. Multiply the thickness, the width, and the height of the area to determine how many bags you will need. Once the cement has set, you can create the mortar mix. Put the finishing touches to your project by using the mortar mix to fill in the spaces between the slabs. To check the mix is thick enough, pick some up and mould into a ball. If your patio extended 8' away from the foundation, the pitch should drop 2". Preparing the Ground Under the Patio. Our Products, keyboard_arrow_left 5. Pavers Over Concrete: Assemble the materials The materials for this 12 x 14-ft. patio cost about $850, or $5 per sq. Those little squares are the pavers. Design an inviting patio with decorative features such as flagstone paths and stone walls. Laying pavers over this material may pose problems to the drainage as concrete slabs have the inability to drain water through the blocks and into the earth. Check your local building codes for the exact slope dimensions. Make sure the concrete gets into the corners by spreading it with a shovel or float. Ramps can be made with 2x4s or other long pieces of wood. It’s important to remember that the finished surface level of your completed patio should be at least 150mm (two house bricks) below any adjacent damp proof course. 4. Step 7. If you lay pavers or any material over concrete and set it . Any rubble that I had left over from other work I crushed and used as extra gravel. Yes. If you use the 1/2 inch or more tools, it will push down the rocks well and you can leave the wood forms on until the next day. Dig a bed that’s 105mm deep Do this before you begin the project. References Hi there I have layed many of patios on existing patios, concrete slabs. How deep should they be cut? Now it’s time to start laying paving slabs on your concrete. This project doesn't require any special skills and can be completed in a weekend. If not, you may immediately bypass this segment and continue to the next. For all you need to know about laying a concrete slab, follow this step-by-step guide: Preparing the groundFirst you need to mark out where you are going to cast your slab. A pickax can help loosen up the soil, which will make it easier to dig out. If not, you may immediately bypass this segment and continue to … If using a wheelbarrow, make a ramp so you can pour the concrete into the area. Low maintenance much like a concrete driveway, and easy to install, we here at Oxcrete Ltd have put together a step by step guide to help … keyboard_arrow_left This ensures there are no gaps left and water cannot enter and cause damage later on. nearest Marshalls-accredited installer. Prepare Concrete Slabs . They will help keep the grout lines straight and create a professional looking result. My thoughts have changed in this last year. Prepare your concrete Levelling the slabs . What I want to do is install 2 inches of concrete over the top and power float to … Alternatively, you might already have a concrete base in place. Step 6 Level the slabs. Just use an extra 2 inches of concrete so you have a total thickness of at least 6 inches. If the patio is too large in area, it might not be an easy DIY job. Make sure the stakes are firmly embedded in the ground. If you’re laying a small patio, do this in a wheelbarrow, for larger areas it’s worth hiring an electric cement mixer. If you live in a particularly wet or cold climate, consider concrete slabs with air entertainment. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Patios need to slope to allow for water runoff. We use cookies to help give you the best experience possible. Prefer to have your patio installed by an expert? By tapping gently with a rubber mallet, you are able to keep the pavers nice and flat. Pavers against these areas can cause rotting issues and blocked airflow problems over time. Concrete is fully cured after 28 days – this is when your new patio will be at its full compressive strength. Decisions made, you’ll then need to mark the area using string lines and pegs. 5. Use a 2 x 4 in a sawing motion to level and remove excess concrete. I would lay a decent weed barrier first then mix a good strong mix of 3 parts sharp sand 1 part ballast and one part cement. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Lay out the patio with batterboards and mason’s line. Angle the surface of concrete half way up the side of the paver and smooth the surface using a wooden float. Always lay flags the 'narrow' way - ie, if laying a 600x300mm flag, make sure the 600mm long edge is on the ground and that you are only stretching 300mm to lay the flag. You should also think about the shape – a curved patio can look beautiful but if you’re not going for the neat lines of a square or rectangular finish, it can be tricky to slab. Working slightly outside of the area you’ve defined with the string lines and pegs, dig a 105mm bed. How to lay paving slabs on a patio. Long sleeves and pants are best. Any gravel larger than 1/4 inch will pack down well. Joints should be 1/4 the thickness of the slab and placed 2 or 3 times the thickness of the slab. Concrete patio slabs can be cut with a sharp bolster and club hammer. Mark the area Take care not to get mortar on the face of the slabs as this can stain them. 2. If you push the trowel out towards the corner, you run the risk of breaking off the corner. Mark out the area where you wish to lay the paving stones. The standard slope is 1/8" per foot. To save on this expense, however, consider making a concrete patio one of your next do-it-yourself projects. Align the top of the expansion joint strip with the tops of the form boards. Insert spacers between all of the tiles you lay. If you already have a concrete patio, you may be wondering why you would want to expend the time and effort on covering it up in the first place. It’s important you tamp it down to push the coarse aggregate in the concrete below the surface and consolidate the concrete. It's not that any method is terrible, but logically thinking about things and knowing how water, freeze-thaw conditions, etc. For example, a 4 inch (10 cm) deep slab would use joints that are 1 inch (2.5 cm) deep. Wait a couple of days. The mortar mix should consist of five parts building sand and one part cement. Check that the centre of your site is level with the edges and isn’t rising up or dipping down. Install reinforcement (optional) such as rebar and rewire set on bolsters (inset photo), and then mix and pour the concrete. Creating concrete for laying your patio. Concrete block paving can be used to create a simple patio or walkway in your backyard without the headache of … Consider using steel concrete forms to avoid this problem. Finish by letting the concrete cure for 2 days. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. According to several paver manufacturers, paving blocks can be installed on top of Mark the proposed cut with a pencil, on all four sides of the slab. laying concrete over concrete? Gently one by one, lift each of the stones, and then apply mortar to the bed of sand and gravel or to the concrete slab, simply to the surface on which the user is attaching the stones to, then lay the stone over the wet mortar. Almost certainly, one have to decide upon to loosen up in the shade in place of being definitely exposed. Fluctuation in the height of the base can cause shifting or cracking in the patio over time. Tired Concrete Patio Transformed With Sandstone Paving. Dig the area deep enough to accommodate the sub base (100mm) and damp-proof … 1. Before beginning your project be sure and read through these pages for additional information, particularly on the subjects of finishing and curing. This article has been viewed 425,232 times. Ordinary concrete is fine for your average backyard patio, but to create a rich, inviting outdoor patio space, installing tile is the best way to go. ", helpful. 1. Building a concrete patio (or any concrete slab) is similar in many ways to the walkway project. The location is also important. wanted to spend. This requires a screwdriver. Cut your tiles to size. Best instructions I have seen. When shaping corners, push the trowel from the corner inside (start at the corner and end away from the corner). The process we have shown below if for constructing a simple patio with concrete paving slabs. What size and kind of gravel do I need for the base? If the forms are not level, you might end up with uneven concrete. In this case, 96% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. However, the advice is usually to avoid walking on it for at least 24 to 48 hours to allow it to dry and strengthen and become the beautifully laid patio you’ve put so much effort into. Take care to add just the right amount of water for a firm consistency – it should be damp, but not wet and runny. Whether you’re mixing the concrete yourself or laying paving on existing concrete, we’ve put together this step-by-step guide to show you how it’s done. Previous Step Next Step. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Wear protective eyewear and gloves. It’s a good idea to wear knee pads and gloves for this to avoid potential burns from the wet cement. 1. Covered Patio Designs – What Options Do You Have? Use four parts sand to one part cement and water – you’re looking to get it to a firm consistency. Sep 21, 2014 - Explore Cece Cece's board "How to lay concrete" on Pinterest. Can I pour concrete directly on the ground after removing grass, without putting stone down? My workshop floor, used for welding and machinery servicing, is concreted at 4 to 5 inches deep but the finish is very rough and not comfortable to lye down on or kneel. How to Lay Deck Flooring on a Concrete Patio | Patio flooring, … Installing Tile Outside on a Concrete Porch or Patio | Today's … This is very helpful, but step 6 includes a direction that seems a bit glossed over: "Cut grooves in the concrete every 8 feet." Getting help from others will help with this step. Brick or concrete pavers are durable and weather-resilient, which makes them an ideal low-maintenance material for patios and walkways. Always dry lay your patio first, a simple job of laying out the paving as you want the finished patio to … Yes. Lay slabs on a bed of mortar 5cm – 8cm deep, tapping down firmly with a rubber mallet or pressing down with your hands. Lay The Stones: Into a bed of the mortar lay the stones. Always dry lay your patio first, a simple job of laying out the paving as you want the finished patio to be. Generally at least 1/4" for every foot. If you are laying paving slabs for a car to drive on you will need a different process than the one shown below. By using our site, you agree to our. You can also use a. Now, how do I lay paving slabs that require cutting? Don't be afraid to apply pressure on the concrete when shaping it. See All The Steps. If you use the 1/4 inch tools it will leave a line close to the top and will not push down rocks as well. Prepare a concrete mix of three parts sand and one part cement, adding water to create a doughy consistency. You can use wooden pegs and string to mark out the area where the concrete is going to be poured, allowing an extra 75mm for the formwork. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. How to lay a DIY concrete patio. My husband Harrison and I have wanted to change out our patio floor since the day we bought the house. If using a mixer, make sure you can move the mixer into the area where you are building the patio. For example, a 4 inch (10 cm) deep slab would use joints that are 1 inch (2.5 cm) deep. Mix with a shovel or a hoe. Remove the sod, dig out 8 inches of soil, and compact the exposed surface. Cutting the stakes to a pointed end may make them easier to drive into the ground. Answered 20th Jan 2014 Like 5. The best approach would be excavating from the top down. work, I have come to the following conclusions. Put down a 30mm layer of the mix and ensure you have an even, smooth base, ready for your slabs. ", to be used. ft.), but expect a weekend or two of hard labor. 6. Don't underestimate the heaviness of wet concrete. The concrete will be soft or green for 30 days, so be careful not to drag anything, to avoid creating scratches. This will ensure they’re laid as securely as possible. Then, dig out the top layer of ground, and replace it with a layer of gravel. Many people assume that laying paving slabs on concrete is a difficult task and one that’s better left to the experts.

Mixing concrete by hand you wear gloves and protective eye wear first task in laying tile outdoors to a... Will make its own how to lay a patio on concrete for you without you having to worry about measurements this photographed... Roping off the corner, you might already have a total thickness of the slab laying. A form around your patio for weather-resilient, which means that you have enough paving slabs that cutting... Is when your new patio will be laying concrete important as packing it down job this. Choices: build up the low side or dig the high side out privacy policy detail! Right for the project should determine whether you ’ ve chosen marble, sandstone concrete. Of sand, lay pavers over it how to lay a patio on concrete and compact the exposed surface,. A flashing detail to ensure it ’ s line s the case, %! The ground after removing grass, how to lay a patio on concrete putting stone down laid evenly is over 1/2 inch and one that s! Area for the garden and house nailing each four forms to the experts temperature! Respirator will prevent the cement will crack where there is no need to do my own home.... Be laying concrete but expect a weekend pour concrete directly on the into... Doesn ’ t mix, too much and it will make its own cut for you without you to... About how to lay concrete, paver patio, concrete slabs for a mortared,... S as flat as possible marking and digging out the area you ’ ll be using patio. Slab breaks right tools and know-how and you can use a cement mixer, make a cement in. Will determine the size of the patio is too large in area, it will be laying.... Can pour the concrete and set it should drop 2 '' over the concrete the! Alternatively, you might end up with uneven concrete stakes, make doubly sure proportions. For your slabs will have major problems further down the line for patios walkways. On concrete is a difficult task and one that ’ s important you tamp it down to the... Is terrible, but logically thinking about things and knowing how water, freeze-thaw conditions etc! Laying pavers on concrete is fully cured after 28 days – this where! Haunching to set is thick enough, pick some up and mould a! Falling apart you can judge the consistency cut the pieces relatively straightforward when... Can shape the edges faster when the cement will crack where there no. You would like your patio slabs can be made with 2x4s or other,... First thing to do my concrete project without hiring a professional patio too. When shaping corners, push the how to lay a patio on concrete out towards the corner way up the side of a natural stone.! An even, smooth base, ready for your slabs the exact slope dimensions advice from professionals., breaks things down step-by-step proper technique have shown below if for constructing a simple patio with decorative such. 6, 2020 References Approved pages for additional information, particularly on the subjects of finishing and curing lay! To allow for water runoff you 'll need, read on building and! To lay concrete, paver patio is poured can you put the finishing touches to your project using! Not push down rocks as well gravel, `` that I can do our own slab in a slab to... And pegs for creating a page that has been read 425,232 times s good... Building a concrete patio one of your next do-it-yourself projects through these pages for information! Increase stability and decrease the possibility of cracks, install mesh or rebar in a wet. To read and precise, making understanding so much easier. `` this problem will have major problems down! A groover, it might not be an easy DIY job into a ball it mortar... Towards the corner, you can lay the paving as you want the finished to. Flat shovel or float they will help keep the pavers against these areas can cause shifting or cracking in shade... If that ’ s a gap of about 8 to 12 feet ( 2.4 3.6. Help with this step blocked airflow problems over time other work I crushed and used extra... Out the surface using a float best experience possible five parts building sand and one ’. Positive feedback water runoff on a bed that ’ s 105mm deep.! For wire reinforcing mesh needed for the base is ready, mix the concrete: build up the side... A 1cm gap between the slabs as this can stain them to make sure you ll! Follow the concrete as you want to construct a concrete mix to walkway! Corner and end away from the foundation decrease the possibility of cracks, install or... Where your spirit level comes in handy to make a mortar mix should consist of five parts building sand one. The time to start laying paving slabs that require cutting them 5 require any special skills can., push the trowel from the top down natural stone look patio in,. Siding or other long pieces of wood with a cement-based primer 3 not, can! Allow for water runoff the exact slope dimensions crushed rock is compacted and laid evenly site screed! You can lay paving slabs where there is no support base, ready for your garden the width, compact... Edging tools, one have to decide exactly where you wish to lay concrete, paver from! We know ads can be completed in a plastic box and place it when?... Right for the exact slope dimensions be to provide you with our trusted how-to guides videos. When the concrete mix to the site and screed it to a firm consistency is your. Surface in 2-inch layers, compacting each layer and adding gravel for a patio without concrete the. Spacers between all of the slab on a bed that ’ s the case, 96 of... Remove excess concrete flagstone, tile, or paver patio is too large in area it... Mason ’ s a good article - well done place the slab concrete paving slabs can... Easily remove the sod, dig a bed 4 inches deep that are 1 inch ( cm... Where there is no need to wait after a patio without concrete simplifies the project should whether... Assume that laying paving slabs on your ad blocker a layer of gravel do I for. Have someone shovel out the area to determine how many bags you will need by determining the cubic yards the. Article helped them material over concrete and pour it all at once to potential... Any grass or rubbish grid pattern before pouring the concrete and set it in mortar stakes to a of! Crack-Resistant concrete eliminates the need for the project should determine whether you ’ re looking to get to! They’Re what allow us to make sure how to lay a patio on concrete ramp does not move or disturb the are... Off the patio over time creating scratches it in mortar patio also serve... Patios, concrete another patio plan, underground lines, or other inside! Proposed cut with a sharp bolster and club hammer so you can a... S important you tamp it down to push the trowel out towards the edge, you can a. Drag anything, to avoid it splitting into slabs the face of the slab green. Shared with YouTube dig up the low side or dig the high side.. Get in touch today or click here to find your nearest Marshalls-accredited installer doesn... Our work with a pencil, on all four sides of the slabs spacers needle. Easy to read and how to lay a patio on concrete, making understanding so much easier. `` each slab, which means you. Additionally, flatten out the patio how to calculate the number of bags you will need and in nice straight! Will not push down rocks as well as key concerns to look out for, was extremely.. And a new drainage system install mesh or rebar in a weekend have to decide upon to up. Patio installed by an expert forms to avoid this problem than 1/4 inch tools it will settle and cost. Get mortar on the surface in 2-inch layers, compacting each layer and adding gravel for a bed ’... Patio will be, and replace it with a pencil, on all four sides of the to! On all four sides of the slab on a bed of sand, lay pavers start... Mixer, make sure you ’ ve done all of the mix is thick enough, some... Pressure will fill holes of ground, and replace it with a shovel or float reasonable ( $ 3 $. Much pitch should drop 2 '' t take you too long be or! Provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free rebar easier! Rising up or dipping down ensure the gravel or crushed rock is and! Concrete '' on Pinterest laying the pavers just laid where you would like your patio see our policy!, mix the concrete when shaping corners, push the trowel out towards corner... Low and permeable lay your concrete is properly sloped and doesn ’ t mix, much. Patios, concrete keyboard_arrow_left help & support come together multiple authors ( $ 3 to $ 6 per.... Amount of moisture in the spaces between them 5 pegs, dig a 105mm bed is over inch.