[6], Known to Māori as tī kōuka,[7] the tree was used as a source of food, particularly in the South Island, where it was cultivated in areas where other crops would not grow. Kōmata (cabbage tree) 2. They are often found in groves in the Far North which are rumoured to be tapu (sacred) and in the old clearance days, Maori logging crews would refuse to cut them because Cordyline australis was one of the best, most delicious sources of carbohydrate known to the Maori farmers. [19] Because it has evolved in response to the local climate, geology and other factors, C. australis varies in appearance from place to place. Known to Māori as tī kōuka, the tree was used as a source of food, particularly in the South Island, where it was cultivated in areas where other crops would not grow. Using this item. I use the A Dictionary of Maori Plant Names by James Beever (1991, Auckland Botanical Society) as my guide to Māori names for plants.) The fertility of the soil is another factor—settlers in Canterbury used the presence of the species to situate their homesteads and gardens. Cordyline pumilio, Auckland Botanic Gardens Scientific classification The cabbage tree was an important fibre plant for early Māori. Use for cuts, cracks and sores, especially on the hands. In the UK it is known as the Torbay palm, which is suitably pompous. For a listing in order of Māori name, with species names for most, see the Flora of New Zealand list of vernacular names. hua = (verb) to bear fruit, originate, to flower; whenua = land; So huawhenua is to bear fruit from the land = vegetables (as vegetables mostly come from the land or ground). Harakeke - Explores the history and tikanga of harakeke, and how it is harvested and woven. Its fruit is a favourite food source for the New Zealand pigeon and other native birds. They used the leaves to weave food carrying baskets or kete, shown here, as well as mats, rain capes and sandals. No gun was allowed in the place. The trunk becomes misshapen or completely ring-barked for a metre above the ground. In Northland, C. australis shows a great deal of genetic diversity—suggesting it is where old genetic lines have endured. It usually grows up to 1 metre (3.3 feet) tall,[1] although rare examples of 2 metres tall have been reported. Tī Kōuka — the cabbage tree - Tī kōuka is strong, durable, and doesn’t shrink in water. When the leaves do break down, they form a fertile soil around the tree. (P. Smith 1940). Cabbage tree roots and the inner pith of young trees were steamed in earth ovens to make a porridge-like food called kauru. The moth lays its eggs at the base of the central spike of unopened leaves. Often the growth layer dies and the injuries may lead to bacterial or fungal infections that spread into the branches until the canopy too begins to die. They were a food source for both Māori and early European settlers. Rub them forwards and backwards over a wire in a fence to soften them. The cooked stems or rhizomes were then flattened by beating and carried back to villages for storage. In 1833, Stephan Endlicher reassigned the species to the genus,Cordyline.[1][2]. Hairstyles Its unusual form makes it a feature in the garden as well as in its natural habitat. It is also known as the Broad-leaved cabbage tree, and in the Māori language as tōī. Scientific name: Cordyline australis Maori name: Ti kouka Pioneer Tree (10m - 15m) - native to the Wellington Region Suits: damp, dry, partial shade, sunny, shelter, exposure, coastal forest garden, coastal and dune garden, small garden or balcony, wetlands and water features. It can renew its trunk from buds on the protected rhizomes under the ground. Competing plants sugar-rich flowering stalks as they emerge Cordyline indivisa ( syn, Golden Bay, often with the flowering. 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