••• Tag them to make sure they apply…” White, Leslie A. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. The cultural turn in particular has aroused a great deal of interest in the study of cultural beliefs and practices. Commenting on E. P. Thompson’s (1963) focus on conflict and difference and his attempt to rescue the marginalized and the bypassed from “the enormous condescension of posterity,” Davies feels, “It was, perhaps, more of an appropriation of these people to another cause (Thompson’s own) than to fully reveal them as they were.” “Was ‘history from below,’” Davies (1995) goes on to ask, just “another form of ‘Orientalism,’ to use Said’s ([1978] 1995) language, a grasping for the ‘people’ to validate one’s own culture?” (p. 96). And, contraWeber, he points out how “faith was relevant [not] only to the creation of modernity, [but also] to the project of its ongoing institutionalization,” and “how practical meanings continue to be structured by the search for salvation,” with “fantasies and myths [continuing to] inspire giant efforts at practical transformation” (p. 8). The 1970s: Hayden White’s (1973) argument that all historical texts are basically constructed by the author as a “poetic act” and Clifford Geertz’s (1973) conception of culture as text to be studied by the semiotic approach are singled out by Bonnell and Hunt as having had a radical impact on both theory and method in the social sciences. Translated by R. Nice. To recognize that under present realities, the scope of such studies would have to range from the local to the global. . Orientalism. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Lea Tufford. He defined the sacred as those things that are set apart and held in awe and reverence. A mixed methods, multi-site, transdisciplinary research program to explore and assess social, behavioral and ethical challenges of HIV vaccine and other biomedical HIV prevention trials; community, To advance evidence supporting universal HPV vaccine uptake and gender neutral HPV vaccination policy. 271–313 in Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, edited by C. Nelson and L. Grossberg. (Swidler 2001:76). In the case of interviews that were not recorded and focus group discussions, detailed notes were taken at the time of the activity and then reviewed collaboratively by the field research team to ensure that key themes, discussion points and contributed stories were accurately documented. If culture or language permeated meaning, then how could any individual or social agency be identified? Griswold, Wendy. London, England: Peter Owen. Griswold, Wendy. Anthropocentrism, in its original connotation in environmental ethics, is the belief that value is human-centred and that all other beings are means to human ends. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. and trying to show how their combinations and permutations, their inversions and transformations, can be understood [following de Saussure] in terms of fundamental binary oppositions such as those between Life and Death, Nature and Culture, Raw and Cooked. 249–57 in Marxism and the Interpretation of Culture, edited by C. Nelson and L. Grossberg. Thompson, E. P. 1963. The Results: There were four main themes emerging from the interviews: awareness, relating differently, reconnection with life, leaning on others. Such an approach, of course, makes sense within the context of modern and modernizing societies in which coherence is always problematic and a difficult, unstable, even rare achievement. With the separation of the church and state and the secularization of culture, religion lost its public character and became instead a matter of personal belief and the private affair of each individual. New York: Seabury Press. Linstead, Stephen. Bilimoria, Purushottama. for co-construction of the curriculum. It explores and theorizes the nature of ordoliberalism and its inherent tension between realpolitik and economic utopia. [1904] 1949. We argue that positionality is an important tool for reflecting on and dislocating privilege, particularly when working on equity research. Bellah, Robert. We are attempting to understand more about the process of community engagement in HIV vaccine trials. 1966. In the third stage, the now fused ideological/political superstructure is merged with the economic base in the work of Nicos Poulantzas (1973, 1974, 1978), and all three spheres are said to codetermine each other. In her contribution to the volume on the practice turn in contemporary theory, Ann Swidler (2001) tries to figure out what it is that anchors cultural practices. The long-standing opposition between Culture and Nature in the West was played out in the split between two divergent methodological approaches for studying sociocultural phenomena. Garden. As against sociologists who posit a radical, dichotomous break between the present and the past, Alexander (2003) rejects the contention that “only in simple, religiously ordered, undemocratic, or old-fashioned societies do myths, and narratives and codes play a fundamental role.” Still asserting that there is “continuity between the religion of early societies and the cultural life of later more complex ones,” he makes a series of continuity assumptions between the postmodern and modern, and between modern and traditional societies (pp. The distinction between the analytical (or heuristic) autonomy of culture and its concrete (or empirical) autonomy is maintained in this approach. New York: Basic Books. I have participated directly in more than 100 major negotiations. When Marxists Do Research. Western sociology was born with the recognition that Christianity no longer provided the basis for an ordered social existence. 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