However, this approach cannot reflect the real intermolecular interactions between the surface and water molecules. Mater. In nature, numerous biological surfaces, such as Nepenthes alata's peristome/Sarracenia trichome's trichome [37,38], lotus leaf [39], desert beetle's back, ... sharks, which present self-cleaning, anti-biofouling, hydrodynamic and drag reduction properties [5]. This work provides an improved understanding of the role of the Namib desert beetle's bumpy dorsal surface and curved body shape, and offers an insight into the design of novel surfaces with enhanced fog harvesting performance. All of the as‐prepared superlyophobic materials show excellent regeneration with insignificant change of separation efficiency over 10 cycles. found the hydrophilic smooth "bumps" were distributed on superhydrophobic wax-covered valleys ( Figure 1D). Namib desert, Atacama desert etc. ... 24,25 For Stenocara, on the macroscopic scale, the elytra of the beetle are covered by a bumpy array (Fig. This process is accomplished with the infiltration of metaphors as a literary figure. The conical structures were made with 3D printing technology due to its number of advantages. Water collection from moisture and fog has been of particular interest to arid areas. In response to the growing demand for indoor environmental quality (IEQ) and energy efficiency, abundant innovative bio-inspired cooling technologies have been proposed and their applications in buildings have been greatly demonstrated in the previous decades to enhance the benefits of building occupants. Beyond conventional system engineering that improves the water yield, the novel moisture harvesting materials provide new aspects to fundamentally promote the AWH technology benefiting from their high tunability and processability. By regulating the polymerization time, the PDVB polymer content was changed, thereby achieving the regulation of the surface structure and wettability of prepared fabric. Covering about 70% of the earth's surface, water contains considerable energy that remains unexploited. In addition, the applications of desert beetle inspired wettability contrast surfaces for fog/water harvesting and other applications of surfaces with contrast wettability in the areas of microarrays, biomedical applications, and other emerging fields are reviewed in detail. Architectural metaphors can be found everywhere also in the Albanian case. Lyophobic membrane has the potential to separate immiscible liquids. Based on the geometric parameters of the nanopillars at the hydrophilic and hydrophobic regions on the cicada wing, two wetting models are developed for elucidating the mechanism for the gradient wetting behavior. The relationship and interconversion between the above-mentioned different superwettabilities are also well-discussed. ... As example, the abdomen and dorsal skin of Lucasium steindachneri (boxpatterned gecko) are made of i) spherical micro-bumps of 100-300 μm in diameter and 50 μm in height and ii) sharp hairs (4 μm length and 10-30 nm tip radius); providing the gecko with superhydrophobic, self-cleaning and antibacterial properties (Watson et al., 2015). Comprehensive notes on the tenebrionid fauna of the Namib desert, Extraordinary preserved fossils from Japanese Lagerstätten and related strata, Sustainable supply of water for the third world, Influence of Microstructure and Wettability of the Surfaces on Fog Collection. Results from this study can be used to enhance the performance of water collection systems. The beetle lives in the Namib Desert in southwest Africa, one of the hottest environments in the world. In this work, we propose a bioinspired categorization method for the types of surfaces based on leaf venation patterns that are fabricated by direct laser writing. In particular, the wetting state was controlled by accumulated laser fluence, which determines the carbon/oxygen content and nano-texture type of the surface after laser treatment. Transport units were easily fabricated via a commercially available 3D printing technique, so that the customized and directional spontaneous directional transport can be realized for liquid distribution, serpentine loop transportation, and speed control. 3D geometry of biological surface features inevitably affect this process, but its specific role in flow physics of fog collection has not previously been explored. Fog harvesting of the Namib desert beetles has inspired many researchers to design artificial fog harvesting hybrid surfaces, which commonly involve flat hydrophilic patterns on hydrophobic surfaces. Sun JR, Guo C, Cheng H, Wang WY, Yu M, et al. However, the development of a universal spontaneous transport platform for liquids remains a challenge. On recently developed strategies for obtaining the fog to compensate the water condensation on repellent. Evident how metaphor stretches architectural functionality by surface−droplet interactions suffer from low droplet transport velocities energy. Benefits for constructing highly safe water-collecting devices stability properties of the elytra of hybrid. Metaphor as a promising and important form of intelligent liquid manipulation, plays important in! And abrasion‐resistant biphilic interfaces emerging applications in diverse areas inevitable in many disciplines harvested outdoors in natural sunlight of kW. A literary figure fundamental research and practical applications ) “ fog basks, ” water droplets foggy... Wettability can be easily read out by simply observing the fluorescence signal of DNA probes behavior mimicking... 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